Содержание журнала “Journal Of Ethnic And Migration Studies”


статьи обозреватель

Since 2015 a number of DPR and LPR field commanders and other significant figures were killed or otherwise removed from power. This included Cossack commander Pavel Dryomov, commander of Private Military Company (ЧВК) Dmitry Utkin (“Wagner”), статьи обозреватель Alexander Bednov (“Batman”), Aleksey Mozgovoy, Yevgeny Ishchenko, Andrei Purgin and Dmitry Lyamin (the last two arrested). In August 2016 Igor Plotnitsky, head of LPR, was seriously injured in a car bombing attack in Luhansk.

A number of captured prisoners of war were forced to march in Donetsk while being assaulted by rebel soldiers and onlookers. The report also said that Ukrainian law enforcement agencies had engaged in a “pattern of enforced disappearances, secret detention and ill-treatment” of people suspected of “separatism” and “terrorism”. The report also mentions videos of members of one particular pro-Russian unit talking about running a torture facility in the basement of a Luhansk library. The head of the unit in question was the pro-Russian separatist commander Aleksandr Biednov, known as “Batman” (who was later killed) and the “head” of the torture chamber was a rebel called “Maniac” who “allegedly used a hammer to torture prisoners and surgery kit to scare and extract confessions from prisoners”.

On Sunday, 6 April 2014, between 1,000 and 2,000 pro-Russian rebels attended a rally in Donetsk pushing for a Crimea-style referendum on independence from Ukraine and it was claimed by Ukrainian media that the proposed referendum has no status-quo option. After which, 200 separatists (according to Igor Dyomin, a spokesman for Donetsk local police, about 1,000) stormed and took control of the first two floors of the building, https://itstep.org/ breaking down doors and smashing windows. The administration headquarters were empty, with only guards inside, as government officials do not work there on Sundays. The separatists demanded that if an extraordinary session was not held by officials, announcing a referendum to join Russia, they would declare unilateral control by forming a “People’s Mandate” at noon on 7 April, and dismiss all elected council members and MPs.

An ongoing armed conflict between Ukraine and the DPR and LPR followed their declarations of independence. The LPR and DPR receive assistance from Russia. According to NATO and Ukraine, Russia had also provided military aid to the rebels, a claim that Russia denies. Ukraine claims that both the DPR and LPR are terrorist organizations, although this designation is not supported by the Supreme Court of Ukraine or by international governments including the EU, US, or Russia.

The New York Times, Haaretz, and The New Republic said the fliers were “most likely a hoax”. France 24 also reported on the questionable authenticity of the leaflets. According to Efraim Zuroff of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, the leaflets looked like some sort of provocation, and an attempt to paint the pro-Russian forces as anti-semitic. In one incident, corpses of Ukrainian servicemen were found with “their hands tied with white electrical cable” after the pro-Russian rebel groups captured Donetsk International Airport. In January one of the self-proclaimed leaders of the Donetsk People’s Republic claimed that the rebel forces were detaining up to five “subversives” between the ages of 18 and 35 per day.

The DNR and Russia blamed the Security Service of Ukraine; Ukraine rejected these accusations, stating that Zakharchenko’s death was the result of civil strife in the DNR. In the internationally unrecognized elections held by the People’s Republics in 2014, Donetsk Republic gained a majority in the DPR People’s Soviet with 68.53% of the vote and 68 seats. Free Donbass, including candidates from the Russian-nationalist extremist New Russia Party, won 31.65% of the vote and 32 seats.

After joining the Crimea to Russia at the beginning of April 2014, the U.S. (referring to the ongoing violations of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity on the part of Russia) has announced the suspension of the work of the Russian – U.S. Bilateral Presidential Commission, in which a wide range of issues has been decided for common agenda since 2009, bringing relations between Russia and the US on the level of almost full institutionalization.

The Kiev International Institute of Sociology released a second study with polling data taken from 8–16 April 2014. 18.1% of Donetsk Oblast residents supported the recent armed seizures of administrative buildings in the region, while 72% disapproved of the current actions. Roughly 25% in the Donbas region said they would attend secessionist rallies in favor of joining Russia. Most in Donetsk believed that the disarmament and disbanding of illegal radical groups was crucial to preserving national unity.

On 4 September 2015, there was a sudden change in the DPR government, where Denis Pushilin replaced Andrey Purgin in the role of speaker of People’s Council and in his first decision, fired Aleksey Aleksandrov, the council’s chief of staff, Purgin’s close ally. This happened in absence of Purgin and Aleksandrov who were held at the border between Russia and DPR, preventing their return to the republic. Aleksandrov was accused of “destructive activities” and “attempt to illegally cross the border” by the republic’s Ministry of Public Security. Russian and Ukrainian media commented on these events as of yet another coup in the republic’s authorities.

  • Eastern Ukrainian dissatisfaction with the government can also be attributed to the Euromaidan Protests which began in November 2013.
  • In the Ukrainian national elections, a remarkably stable pattern had developed, where Donbass and the Western Ukrainian regions had voted for the opposite candidates since the presidential election in 1994.
  • The pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine was originally characterized by riots and protests which had eventually escalated into the storming of government offices.
  • President Yanukovych’s overthrow in the 2014 Ukrainian revolution led to protests in Eastern Ukraine, which gradually escalated into an armed conflict between the newly formed Ukrainian government and the local armed militias.
  • Viktor Yanukovych, a Donetsk native, had been elected as a president of Ukraine in 2010.

In September 2016 Evgeny Zhilin (Yevhen Zhylin), leader of a separatist “Oplot” unit, was killed in a restaurant near Moscow. In October 2016 a military commander Arseniy Pavlov (“Motorola”) was killed by an IED planted at his house.

When the session was not held they held a vote within the RSA and were not elected to the positions they assumed. According to the Russian ITAR-TASS the declaration was voted by some regional legislators; however, there are claims that neither the Donetsk city council nor district councils of the city delegated any representatives to the session. Along статьи обозреватель with the Luhansk People’s Republic and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the Donetsk People’s Republic is considered by Ukraine one of three temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine as a result of Russian military intervention. The DPR declared its Independence after the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, alongside the LPR and the Republic of Crimea.

Military

In February 2017 a bomb planted in an office killed Mikhail Tolstykh (“Givi”). On 31 August https://deveducation.com/events/obozrevatel-article/ 2018 DPR leader Alexander Zakharchenko was killed by a bomb in a restaurant in Donetsk.

Prejudice Against Ukrainian Speakers

Ministry of Youth, Sports and Tourism is responsible for development of sports on territory of DPR. A Donetsk People’s Republic national football team has represented the country in international games organized by ConIFA. At first the Donetsk People’s Republic adopted a “constitution” which stated that the Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate was the official religion of the self-declared state. статьи обозреватель This was changed with the promulgation of a law “on freedom of conscience and religious organisation” in November 2015, backed by three deputies professing Rodnovery (Slavic native faith), whose members organised the Svarozhich Battalion (of the Vostok Brigade) and the Rusich Company. The new law caused the dissatisfaction of Metropolitan Hilarion of Donetsk and Mariupol of the Moscow Patriarchate church.

Foreign

Alleged members of the Donetsk Republic carrying the flag of the Russian Federation, passed out a leaflet to Jews that informed all Jews over the age of 16 that they would have to report to the Commissioner for Nationalities in the Donetsk Regional Administration building and register their property and religion. It also claimed that Jews would be charged a $50 ‘registration https://deveducation.com/ fee’. If they did not comply, they would have their citizenship revoked, face ‘forceful expulsion’ and see their assets confiscated. The leaflet stated the purpose of registration was because “Jewish community of Ukraine supported Bendera Junta,” and “oppose the pro-Slavic People’s Republic of Donetsk”. The authenticity of the leaflet could not be independently verified.